Magawo Ogwiritsa Ntchito Lithium Ion

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Mabatire a lithiamuali ndi ntchito pazida zambiri zamoyo wautali, monga makina opangira pacemaker ndi zida zina zamagetsi zamagetsi zomwe zimayikidwa. Zidazi zimagwiritsa ntchito mabatire apadera a lithiamu ayodini ndipo amapangidwa kuti azikhala ndi moyo wazaka 15 kapena kupitilira apo. Koma pazinthu zina zosafunikira, monga zoseweretsa, mabatire a lithiamu amatha kukhala ndi moyo wautali kuposa zida. Pankhaniyi, mabatire a lithiamu okwera mtengo sangakhale otsika mtengo.

Mabatire a lithiamu amatha kulowa m'malo mwa mabatire wamba amchere pazida zambiri, monga mawotchi ndi makamera. Ngakhale mabatire a lithiamu ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri, amatha kupereka moyo wautali wautumiki, potero amachepetsa kusintha kwa batri. Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti ngati zida zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito mabatire a zinki zisinthidwa ndi mabatire a lithiamu, chidwi chiyenera kulipidwa pamagetsi apamwamba opangidwa ndi mabatire a lithiamu.

Mabatire a lithiamu amagwiritsidwanso ntchito kwambiri pazida ndi zida zomwe ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali ndipo sizingasinthidwe. Mabatire ang'onoang'ono a lithiamuNthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazida zazing'ono zamagetsi, monga PDA, mawotchi, makamera, makamera a digito, zoyezera kutentha, zowerengera, BIOS ya kompyuta, zida zolumikizirana ndi loko yakutali yamagalimoto. Mabatire a lithiamu ali ndi mawonekedwe apamwamba kwambiri, kuchulukira kwamphamvu kwamphamvu, komanso mphamvu zambiri komanso nthawi yayitali kuposa mabatire amchere, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mabatire a lithiamu akhale osangalatsa kwambiri.

"Lithiamu batire" ndi mtundu wa batire yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito lithiamu zitsulo kapena aloyi ya lithiamu ngati zinthu zopanda ma elekitirodi ndipo imagwiritsa ntchito njira yopanda madzi ya electrolyte. Mu 1912, batire ya lithiamu zitsulo idapangidwa ndikuphunziridwa ndi Gilbert N. Lewis koyambirira kwambiri. M'zaka za m'ma 1970, MS Whittingham anafunsira ndikuyamba kuphunziramabatire a lithiamu-ion. Chifukwa champhamvu kwambiri yamankhwala a lithiamu zitsulo, kukonza, kusungirako ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chitsulo cha lithiamu kumakhala ndi zofunika kwambiri zachilengedwe. Chifukwa chake, mabatire a lithiamu sanagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali. Ndi chitukuko cha sayansi ndi teknoloji, mabatire a lithiamu tsopano akhala otchuka.

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Nthawi yotumiza: Nov-16-2021